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Cladding tax to cost Britain’s biggest housebuilders £205m a year

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The latest research from the real estate debt advisory specialists, Sirius Property Finance, has found that the cladding tax introduced in yesterday’s Budget could cost the nation’s biggest housebuilders £205m a year.

Yesterday the Chancellor confirmed a new Residential Property Developer Tax will be introduced from April next year to ‘ensure that the largest developers make a fair contribution to help pay for building safety remediations’.

Having initially announced the tax back in February, it has now been revealed that a 4% charge will be brought to profits exceeding the annual threshold of £25 million.

But what does this mean for Britain’s biggest housebuilders?

Sirius Property Finance analysed pre-tax profits for 11 of the biggest housebuilders to find out.

The research shows that pre-pandemic (2019), total pre-tax profits for these 11 housebuilders totalled £5.4bn.

Based on a £25m tax threshold this would see a potential taxable value of housebuilder profits to the tune of over £5.2bn with a 4% rate of tax on this figure requiring Britain’s biggest housebuilders to pay £205m in tax per year.

Persimmon alone could be in line to pay an additional £41 million per year in RPD Tax based on their pre-pandemic performance, with Barratt, Taylor Wimpey and Berkley also paying more than £30 million.

Even during 2020 when the pandemic saw housebuilder profits more than half (-52%), £2.6 billion in taxable value above the new £25 million threshold would have resulted in an RPD Tax bill of almost £103m.

Managing Director of Sirius Property Finance, Nicholas Christofi, commented:

“Yesterday’s confirmation of the Residential Property Developer Tax will come as a significant blow to Britain’s biggest housebuilders who have fought hard to overcome pandemic uncertainty, a decline in profits and a sharp spike in the cost of labour and materials.

It’s clear that having promised £5 billion to address the cladding crisis, the government is now reliant on the nation’s housebuilders to pay the bill and it’s a little unfair, to say the least, to expect the entire sector to compensate for the poor practices of a few.

It’s also likely that this latest move could inadvertently stifle housing delivery. The outcome of which is less stock reaching the market to address the current housing crisis, while high demand for those new homes that are delivered will push house prices ever higher to the detriment of the nation’s homebuyers.”

2019 (Pre-Pandemic) – Table shows the level of RPD Tax owed based on pre-pandemic housebuilder profits in 2019
Developer Profit before tax 2019 Tax allowance Potential taxable profit (+£25m threshold) RPD Tax Rate @ 4% Developer annual report sources
Persimmon £1,040,800,000 £25,000,000 £1,015,800,000 £40,632,000 Link
Barratt £909,800,000 £25,000,000 £884,800,000 £35,392,000 Link
Taylor Wimpey £850,500,000 £25,000,000 £825,500,000 £33,020,000 Link
Berkeley £775,200,000 £25,000,000 £750,200,000 £30,008,000 Link
Bellway £662,600,000 £25,000,000 £637,600,000 £25,504,000 Link
Redrow £406,000,000 £25,000,000 £381,000,000 £15,240,000 Link
Countryside £234,400,000 £25,000,000 £209,400,000 £8,376,000 Link
Bovis Vistry Group £193,800,000 £25,000,000 £168,800,000 £6,752,000 Link
Miller £168,000,000 £25,000,000 £143,000,000 £5,720,000 Link
Crest Nicholson £121,100,000 £25,000,000 £96,100,000 £3,844,000 Link
Keepmoat £37,700,000 £25,000,000 £12,700,000 £508,000 Link
All £5,399,900,000   £5,124,900,000 £204,996,000  
           
2020 (Pandemic) – Table shows the level of RPD Tax owed based on pandemic housebuilder profits in 2020
Developer Profit before tax 2020 Tax allowance Potential taxable profit (+£25m threshold) RPD Tax Rate @ 4% Developer annual report sources
Persimmon £783,800,000 £25,000,000 £758,800,000 £30,352,000 Link
Barratt £491,800,000 £25,000,000 £466,800,000 £18,672,000 Link
Taylor Wimpey £300,300,000 £25,000,000 £275,300,000 £11,012,000 Link
Berkeley £503,700,000 £25,000,000 £478,700,000 £19,148,000 Link
Bellway £236,700,000 £25,000,000 £211,700,000 £8,468,000 Link
Redrow £140,000,000 £25,000,000 £115,000,000 £4,600,000 Link
Countryside £54,200,000 £25,000,000 £29,200,000 £1,168,000 Link
Bovis Vistry Group £143,900,000 £25,000,000 £118,900,000 £4,756,000 Link
Miller £115,000,000 £25,000,000 £90,000,000 £3,600,000 Link
Crest Nicholson £45,900,000 £25,000,000 £20,900,000 £836,000 Link
Keepmoat -£19,500,000 £25,000,000 N/A N/A Link
All £2,795,800,000   £2,565,300,000 £102,612,000  
           
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BDC 318 : Jul 2024