Whether you’re aiming to complete a self-build or you simply want to understand what happens at the beginning of a construction project, it’s always essential to start at the foundational level. Here are the steps that lay the foundations for a new property. With the tips below, you can get a good idea of what, precisely, has to be done before the real construction can begin. In most cases, these steps are going to be necessary before any other work is done.
Do you need to demolish any buildings in the way?
If you’re beginning construction on a bare patch of land, then you’re not going to need to think about demolition too much. However, if you do need to demolish any structures in the way, then you should do it with the help of demolition experts. Not only do you want to make sure that you’re able to complete demolitions as safely and efficiently as possible, but you also want to make sure that any demolitions that have to be carried out do not affect the stability and usability of the land beneath the buildings too much, given that you have to build on it again.
An investigation of the area
In some cases, you may need to work with a team to demolish any structures that are currently standing on the ground where you are aiming to work. Otherwise, regardless of whether there has been a structure there or not, you’re going to need to invest in the ground investigation. This can help you get an idea of where the ground itself has any issues that need to be addressed, such as stability levels, contamination of the ground from industrial or agricultural use, as well as the presence of any obstructions there might be in the ground, such as buried well infrastructure. You may also need to invest in some site clearance to make sure that the obstructions are moved out of the way.
Putting down the foundations
Once you know that the ground is clear, you need to go through the process of laying the foundations of the property. The extent of your foundations will depend primarily on the scale and weight of the building. A base for a garden shed or outhouse is not going to be anywhere near as extensive as the foundation for a house, for instance. There are two types of foundations, shallow and deep. For smaller buildings, including most homes, shallow foundations tend to be enough. However, you still need to make sure that the foundations you choose are effective at spreading out the weight of the new building while providing a stable and solid root for the building.
Mind the groundwork
Depending on the extent of the groundwork that you need to do in order to complete a project, this part may well come before the foundation is laid. For instance, groundwork includes any of the landscaping that has to be done to prepare a level and reliable worksite. It can also include any of the basement buildings and excavation that has to be done, not to mention identifying the sewage options for the building and drainage, so working with a team like drainage supplies from Kpipe is essential for ensuring that you’re able to connect the home’s drainage to whatever sewer lines are available. It’s best to leave the work of figuring out the drainage and utilities to contractors with skills and knowledge specific to those areas.
Make sure that you’re ready to deal with any waste
From all of the waste generated from clearing and excavating the land to the resources that are left over after you have completed the groundwork and the foundations, you need to be prepared for the sheer amount of waste that site demolition and clearance may require. There are a lot of cases where waste can be re-used down the line, whether on the same project or on a future project. However, if that’s not the case, then you may need to look at the possibility of working with teams like construction waste removal services from SafeGroup to make sure that you’re taking care of your waste responsibly and in keeping with any regulations.
Every successful construction project demands effective planning and forward thinking. Without the groundwork and the foundational steps taken above, there can’t be any safety or reliability in a construction job. Ensure you have the tools, skills, and contractors necessary to do all of the above if you’re aiming to build a property from scratch.
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