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January 31, 2023

HS2 completes foundation work for UK’s longest railway bridge

HS2 completes foundation work for UK’s longest railway bridge

The last of 292 concrete piles that will form the foundations for the UK’s longest railway bridge were installed this week at the site of HS2’s Colne Valley Viaduct, marking a successful end to the first phase of the record-breaking project. Once complete, the 2.1 miles (3.4km) bridge will carry

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Volvo CE floats L260H across Swiss lake to customer quarry

Volvo CE floats L260H across Swiss lake to customer quarry

The handover of an L260H wheel loader from Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) to Swiss firm AG Balmholz proved unconventional – with a floating delivery needed for the machine to reach its new home. It’s early morning and the fog is still drifting across Lake Thun when the final preparations

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Crest Nicholson becomes first UK housebuilder to have net-zero target validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)

Crest Nicholson becomes first UK housebuilder to have net-zero target validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)

Award-winning housebuilder Crest Nicholson has announced that the science-based targets set by the business in 2022 have now been validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi). It is the first UK housebuilder to have its science-based net-zero target approved by the SBTi, reflecting its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas

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M&E consultancy CPW launches brand new Birmingham office

M&E consultancy CPW launches brand new Birmingham office

CPW has solidified its presence in the West Midlands with the recent addition of a new city centre office space at 103 Colmore Row. The leading sustainability and M&E firm has opened the new Birmingham office in the heart of the city, enabling the team to better service both new and

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A Short History of Caterpillar Trucks

A Short History of Caterpillar Trucks

One of the company founders, Benjamin Holt, is credited with designing the first commercially successful track-type tractor, which is the predecessor to the current dozer. Not only did this innovation become one of the signature products, but it also inspired the establishment of the company’s current name: Caterpillar. Holt was

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Seven Most Used Metals for Commercial Applications

Seven Most Used Metals for Commercial Applications

Commercial metal usage continues to grow due to demand for a wide range of commercial applications. A metal supply company is needed for commercial construction, air conditioner systems, power lines, and much more. However, each project may require a different type of metal. Here are seven of the most used

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Apartment Purchase in Palm Jumeirah Dubai, The UAE

Apartment Purchase in Palm Jumeirah Dubai, The UAE

Real estate in Dubai couldn’t get any trickier than lately. The publications and various advice you can gather online can cause a panic attack. However, if you Buy properties in Palm Jumeirah, UAE, it is one major hurdle crossed because the area is high grossing and guarantees profitability.  Some tips make

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Latest Issue

BDC 319 : Aug 2024

January 31, 2023

HS2 completes foundation work for UK’s longest railway bridge

HS2 completes foundation work for UK’s longest railway bridge

The last of 292 concrete piles that will form the foundations for the UK’s longest railway bridge were installed this week at the site of HS2’s Colne Valley Viaduct, marking a successful end to the first phase of the record-breaking project. Once complete, the 2.1 miles (3.4km) bridge will carry the new high-speed rail line across a series of lakes and waterways near Hillingdon on the north-west outskirts of London. The construction of the foundations, the 56 huge piers and the deck on top, have all been happening in parallel – with separate teams working from north to south. Deck assembly began last year, with more than 500 meters of the viaduct structure now complete. In order to deliver the 66 piles in the lakebed, the team first had to construct over a kilometer of temporary jetties, with cofferdams to hold back the water around each set of foundations. The jetties are also used to transport materials and equipment during the construction of the piers and viaduct deck, keeping vehicles off local roads. Construction of the HS2 project – which is designed to improve rail links between London, Birmingham and North, help level-up the economy and provide a low carbon alternative to car and air travel – is ramping up across the UK with almost 30,000 jobs now supported by the project. HS2 Ltd’s Project Client, David Emms said: “Once complete, HS2 will transform journeys across the UK, help to boost the economy and support the UK’s transition to net zero. “The completion of the piling for the Colne Valley Viaduct is a major achievement for our whole team and marks the end of almost two years of hard work. With pier construction and deck assembly also well underway, the viaduct is fast becoming one of the most impressive and recognisable parts of the project.” The viaduct is being built by HS2 Ltd’s main works contractor Align JV – a team made up of Bouygues Travaux Publics, Sir Robert McAlpine, and VolkerFitzpatrick, working with its contractor KVJV– who spent almost two years on the piling. KVJV is a team made up of Keller Group and VSL International. On top of each group of piles – some of which are to a depth of 60m into the ground – a concrete pile cap will support the pier which will in turn support the weight of the bridge structure above. Instead of hammering the piles into the ground, holes were bored before being backfilled to create the piles. The main deck of the viaduct is being built in 1,000 separate segments at a temporary factory nearby and assembled using a bridge-building machine which lifts each piece into position before shifting itself forward to the next pier.  Align’s Surface Operations Director, Derek van Rensburg said: “Completing the piling is a great achievement for both Align and the team at KVJV, working over the lakes and waterways across the Colne Valley. We were able to complete the piling with no significant impact on the environment, a great result for the whole team.” Set low into the landscape, the widest spans reserved for where the viaduct crosses the lakes, and narrower spans for the approaches. This design was chosen to enable views across the landscape, minimise the viaduct’s footprint on the lakes and help complement the natural surroundings. The design was inspired by the flight of a stone skipping across the water, with a series of elegant spans, some up to 80m long, carrying the railway around 10m above the surface of the lakes, River Colne and Grand Union Canal. HS2 worked closely with Affinity Water and the Environment Agency to monitor water quality and agree working methods. These were monitored by a team of specialist engineers during construction in order to protect the natural environment. Before work began, an extensive programme of test piling was completed with engineers sinking 12 piles at two locations with geological and structural data from these tests fed back into the design of the viaduct. This resulted in a 10-15% reduction in the depth of the piles and associated time and cost savings. Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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Volvo CE floats L260H across Swiss lake to customer quarry

Volvo CE floats L260H across Swiss lake to customer quarry

The handover of an L260H wheel loader from Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) to Swiss firm AG Balmholz proved unconventional – with a floating delivery needed for the machine to reach its new home. It’s early morning and the fog is still drifting across Lake Thun when the final preparations for a special machine transportation from Kander Delta in Einigen are complete. A towboat pushes a pontoon, atop which sits a Volvo L260H wheel loader, destined for the idyllically located quarry belonging to AG Balmholz, on the northern shore of Lake Thun. As the 35-ton Volvo L260H wheel loader comes into view, the hustle and bustle at the quarry increases. The delivery of this new machine is not only exciting, but also a milestone, as it is the first Volvo CE machine for AG Balmholz. Its exceptional location in the Bernese foothills of the Alps, on the steep northern shore of Lake Thun makes transportation of goods and mining materials to and from the quarry a challenge. Although accessible via the winding lake road that runs between Thun and Interlaken, the route which is popular with day trippers and motorcyclists, is limited to loads of 34 tons. So, no chance to transport the wheel loader by road. Excavating hard rock for railway infrastructure The quarry is just one of only 10 in the whole of Switzerland to provide a valuable source of a special dense, compact and high pressure-resistant hard rock. Every year, the workforce at AG Balmholz extract around 250,000 tons of hard rock, which is processed into blocks for hydraulic engineering, railway ballasts, chippings and crushed sand. Much of this material is transported to customers throughout Switzerland on ships across the water to Thun, where it is offloaded and then transported by rail. Robust and reliable The mining of hard rocks, such as those found at Lake Thun, is material intensive and requires reliable, durable machinery. Many factors played a role in the decision to choose the Volvo wheel loader. Managing Director, Christoph Künzi, explains: “When it came to the new acquisition, we were particularly impressed with the breakout force of the Volvo wheel loader.” In the initial evaluation of the machine by plant manager, Markus Wegmüller and his team, the figures on paper looked impressive. Then came the practical test. Depending on the blade used, the breakout force of the Volvo L260H is between 256 kN and 336 kN. Other qualities, such as cab comfort and simple serviceability also met their requirements, and the team were all in agreement that the Volvo wheel loader would complement the existing machine park. “Overall, the L260H came out on top, in terms of price, performance and consumption too,” concludes Künzi. This result is no surprise, as the 35-ton wheel loader offers a static tipping load at full turn of almost 24 tons A longer wheelbase than its predecessor means the L260H can be mounted with a larger bucket, which adds to the overall efficiency and productivity. AG Balmholz’s new wheel loader has a bucket capacity of 6.5m³. Old friends Although the L260H is the first Volvo machine for AG Balmholz, both Volvo CE and Robert Aebi AG are familiar to Christoph Künzi from the decade he spent working for Vigier Beton Berner Oberland prior to being appointed Managing Director at AG Balmholz in 2020. There, machines from Volvo CE have been used for many years. And so it was, that long-standing partners met again at AG Balmholz for the evaluation of this new machine. Whilst demand for railway ballast and other hard stone products remains strong, Christoph Künzi’s concerns for the future are around the recruitment of skilled workers. There is no vocational training available to prepare workers for a career in quarrying, just courses in raw material processing. So, AG Balmholz trains junior employees itself and says it is constantly on the lookout for suitable new recruits. Innovation for CO2 neutral asphalt In another example of its commitment to innovation, AG Balmholz is collaborating with Frutiger AG Thun and Marti AG Bern on a new road surfacing plant that will be virtually fossil-free. Oberland BWO in Wimmis near Spiez will be operated by AG Balmholz on behalf of the owners, and will replace two existing plants in the Bernese Oberland. Crushed sand and chippings are both by-products of hard rock mining used in road construction, making this a complementary collaboration. Instead of fossil fuels to power its production processes, the plant will use clean waste wood, reducing CO2 emissions by 1,700 tons per year compared to conventional energy sources. It also makes this the first CO2 neutral treatment plant in Switzerland. 1,000 operating hours As soon as the L260H is unloaded at the quarry it is put to work, with operator Fabian Frutiger happy to get started. AG Balmholz plans to use the wheel loader for around 1,000 operating hours per year for the next 10 years, before it will be time to replace this hard-working machine. Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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Crest Nicholson becomes first UK housebuilder to have net-zero target validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)

Crest Nicholson becomes first UK housebuilder to have net-zero target validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi)

Award-winning housebuilder Crest Nicholson has announced that the science-based targets set by the business in 2022 have now been validated by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi). It is the first UK housebuilder to have its science-based net-zero target approved by the SBTi, reflecting its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the value chain. The SBTi validation confirms that the targets set by Crest Nicholson are based on the latest climate science, supporting the ambition to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C in line with the Paris Agreement. Crest Nicholson’s target to reach net-zero GHG emissions across the value chain by 2045 is supported by a series of commitments across its scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions. Net-zero target Near term targets Long term targets Achieving net-zero emissions across the value chain will be a significant challenge, requiring effective collaboration and coordinated action across the supply chain and wider industry. Crest Nicholson is already making progress in reducing GHG emissions. Steps taken to reduce scope 1 and 2 emissions include driving the efficient use of plant and equipment on site, trialling lower carbon technologies including hybrid generators and an electric telehandler, using alternative low carbon fuels and increasing the procurement of renewable electricity. To reduce emissions relating to scope 3, Crest Nicholson continuously reviews the design, technologies and materials used within its homes. It is also a member of the Future Homes Hub’s Embodied and Whole Life Carbon Workgroup, which is developing guidance, tools and an implementation plan to support an industry-wide reduction in whole life carbon. Mark Kershaw, Group Head of Sustainability at Crest Nicholson: “The validation of our targets by the Science Based Targets initiative ensures that our ambitions are aligned with the latest climate science and will contribute towards tackling the climate crisis. At Crest Nicholson, we continue to challenge ourselves to reduce emissions across our operations. We look forward to collaborating with our suppliers, partners and the wider industry to accelerate the adoption of more sustainable practices and take the required steps together towards achieving net-zero.” Peter Truscott, Chief Executive at Crest Nicholson: “We are proud to be the first UK housebuilder to have our science-based net-zero target approved by the Science Based Targets initiative. Our industry has a pivotal role to play in responding to climate change and we look forward to continuing to drive the decarbonisation of our operations and wider value chain.” *The target boundary includes biogenic land-related emissions and removals from bioenergy feedstocks. About the Science Based Targets initiative The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) is a global body enabling businesses to set ambitious emissions reductions targets in line with the latest climate science. It is focused on accelerating companies across the world to halve emissions before 2030 and achieve net-zero emissions before 2050. The initiative is a collaboration between CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and one of the We Mean Business Coalition commitments. The SBTi defines and promotes best practice in science-based target setting, offers resources and guidance to reduce barriers to adoption, and independently assesses and approves companies’ targets. www.sciencebasedtargets.org @sciencetargets Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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The MHM Group to lead discussions in sustainable equipment at the Executive Hire Show

The MHM Group to lead discussions in sustainable equipment at the Executive Hire Show

MHM is set to speak at the show’s Innovation Trail Live to discuss low-emission solutions for the hire, plant and tool sectors  The MHM Group has been selected to speak at the Innovation Trail Live in Coventry as part of this year’s Executive Hire Show, where they will discuss new innovative products on stage and showcase the business’ ground-breaking sustainable equipment to the plant and tool sector. Brad Ireland, Sales Director at MHM, will speak with presenter Peter Haddock from Content with Media after being selected for an interview that will be filmed live on their Executive Hire Show stands and shared on social media. This will be the tenth year in a row that the MHM Group has attended the Show at the Coventry Building Society Arena (CBS), taking place on the 8th and 9th of February. The Group will be joined by 149 other businesses and hire industry professionals. After celebrating a 150% rise in revenue in the last two years due to the increasing demand for its low-emission and innovative products, the MHM Group will be promoting power, fluid storage and lighting solutions, with the MGTP 10 USY- Stage 5 taking centre stage as the first 10kva ultra-silent generator in its class. Director, Brad Ireland said: “We are very much looking forward to attending The Executive Hire Show as it has always been a rewarding experience for MHM. This event allows us to showcase the best of our Eco equipment which has seen a 30% increase from last year– and has greatly contributed to the growth of the business and increased our focus even further on our sustainable product offering.” As the Government increases its efforts to reduce pollution, the construction sector has already seen many climate-related regulatory changes last year including the ban of red diesel. Brad added, “Companies are faced with the responsibility of reducing their carbon footprints and we hope to support businesses with their eco initiative by offering lower-emission solutions to the plant hire and construction sectors. We want to demonstrate MHM’s commitment to pushing the hire industry to become greener, as well as look to alternative methods of energy to power plant equipment across the UK. “As we move into 2023, we have big plans to increase our sustainable hire fleet and promote products that improve energy efficiency and lower emissions as part of a drive towards a cleaner, more sustainable future and available to purchase or rehire from MHM Group.” For more information on MHM and its equipment, visit https://www.mhm-group.co.uk/ Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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Applethwaite Homes undergoes significant rebrand to strengthen its position

Applethwaite Homes undergoes significant rebrand to strengthen its position

Applethwaite Homes turned to Absolute Agency and trusted the brand specialists with an overhaul of its brand positioning. The home builder is part of the Eric Wright Group and develops beautiful homes in rural settings. Its old branding did not reflect the quality of the properties and the stunning, unique locations. Absolute Agency was brought on board to conduct a workshop with an in-depth look into what Applethwaite stood for and the audience they wanted to attract. The final branding look and feel is now more high end, with a clear colour palette of luxurious dark blue complemented by a secondary set of paler colours. Ornamental graphics were developed to represent the development locations and the bespoke font used to add to the quality look and feel of the brand positioning. The branding includes a full suite of material for each development, brochures, signage, graphics, promotional items and packs for new home owners. The graphics and typography are complemented with Applethwaite’s lifestyle images, which bring to life the various happy moments that home buyers experience when they’re choosing their new home. This branding has so far been implemented on sites throughout the north west including Inglewood near Preston, Davyfields near Darwen and Brackenwood in Blackburn. Chris Hodgen, MD of Absolute Agency, said: “We have extensive experience within the home builder and property sectors and when Applethwaite Homes approached us with such a unique challenge it was a great project to work on. Our team worked seamlessly with theirs to really get to the heart of what Applethwaite is about and hearing the internal and customer reaction to the new branding has been fantastic.” Colin Hetherington, MD from Applethwaite Homes, said: “We have always been extremely proud in the quality of the homes we build, however we identified that our existing brand identity and marketing materials didn’t match up to this high quality. We wanted to strengthen our position in the marketplace, whilst delivering a unique customer experience from enquiry through to moving in, which truly represented Applethwaite Homes. “We wanted to work with a local agency who had experience in the housing sector, but who also took the time to understand our team, our ambition and who could support us on this journey as an extension of our marketing team. “The feedback from customers and internal staff has been really positive and our outside visual identity now matches our internal values.” Absolute Agency is 23 years old and based in Bolton. Founded by Chris Hodgen, it is a bold agency specialising in branding, digital, content and communications for ambitious clients. Applethwaite Homes builds family homes in small and exclusive developments that have individual character, their aim is to provide comfortable homes that reflect the quality and style of times past and satisfy the needs of modern living. Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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M&E consultancy CPW launches brand new Birmingham office

M&E consultancy CPW launches brand new Birmingham office

CPW has solidified its presence in the West Midlands with the recent addition of a new city centre office space at 103 Colmore Row. The leading sustainability and M&E firm has opened the new Birmingham office in the heart of the city, enabling the team to better service both new and existing clients.   Expanding into the business district was a natural next step for CPW with several major city centre projects underway, spanning the education, residential, healthcare, and commercial sectors among others.   CPW worked closely with B-Corp certified, flexible workspace providers x+why to create a space with a focus on sustainability and plug and play technology. The resulting office design is high spec and high tech, with a focus on sustainability and a biophilic natural design, plus flexible working spaces, meeting pods and call booths to suit collaborative work.   New technology in the office will help clients and engineers visualise designs better through 3D BIM (Building Information Modelling) and help guide clients on sustainable build solutions. The team can also enjoy cityscape views from the building’s roof terrace on the 18th floor.  Antonios Agapakis, director at CPW, said: “A city centre office was something our clients have asked for and we’ve listened and acted on it. We wanted to solidify our personal approach by offering more face-to-face discussions and networking opportunities, which we know our staff and clients both value and enjoy.   “The new Birmingham space gives us the opportunity to work with current clients and meet new ones, generate new business and friendships, and expand our current relationships. Post-pandemic, we realised how important these face-to-face relationships really are.”  The Birmingham office will also allow for wider recruitment of talent within the West Midlands region, particularly for staff looking to commute into the city centre for work. With clients, partners and industry leaders on the doorstep, all staff will be able to easily take advantage of networking and sector events in the city, as well as providing an additional office location for flexible working. With both Birmingham Snow Hill and New Street stations close by, staff can make the most of greener travel options and proximity to clients and projects.  John Thrupp, associate at CPW, said: “The new office has already generated lots of excitement from our clients. It was important to us that the new office reflected us as a company, but also practiced what we preach in terms of sustainable solutions and low-energy consumption in buildings. We know that clients want to see how you operate, they want to know that your core design principles come through in your own working space – this helps build trust in your abilities and priorities.   “Birmingham is such an exciting place to be right now – the city centre has changed and improved a lot in recent years, and we’re thrilled to be in such an incredible building like 103 Colmore Row.”   Ed Hobbs, area operations manager for x+why Birmingham, said: “We’re overjoyed that CPW have chosen x+why, 103 Colmore Row, as their home in Birmingham city centre. Their focus on sustainability and driving positive change in building design, is well aligned with our own company goals. We look forward to supporting their continued success in the years to come.”  For further information visit www.cpwp.com or follow @CPWengineering on social media.   Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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New website and rebrand for the ISSE to reinforce changes within the Built Environment

New website and rebrand for the ISSE to reinforce changes within the Built Environment

Every day more and more people are realising the extent to which personal health and well-being can be affected by the quality of the environments we use and occupy. These can be indoors, such as in our homes and workplaces; or outdoors for travelling to and from work and for recreation; as well as in the countryside and farmland beyond the urban fringes. Perhaps you are looking for on authoritative source of technical guidance and expertise. Or, maybe, you would like to acquire, verify, or improve your own level of technical expertise through the Institute of Specialist Surveyors and Engineers (ISSE) industry-leading Gold Standard Register™ ‘All-Life’ qualification and competence assessment programme? Then again, if you are a manufacturer-approved installer (or are planning to use one) you need to know that it will soon be a legal requirement for competence validation through a professional institute. Participation in the ISSE qualification and competence assessment programme can help to ensure that this industry-wide requirement is met. The ISSE can now support its members and the general public well beyond the limitations of traditional ‘built environment’ thinking to include a more expansive ‘holistic’ approach to what we now describe as ‘Managed Environments’. This provides for full-spectrum consideration of all aspects of a problem or situation, from multiple inter-related Planet, Personal, Property and Project perspectives. The launch of our new website has been designed to coincide with this and we look forward to welcoming you there: www.isse.org.uk In the wake of the Grenfell Tower disaster 5 years ago it was determined that UK construction was “not fit for purpose”. Consistent with its mission to raise standards in the pursuit of excellence across the full range of construction and built environment activities, ISSE has developed and will shortly launch its ground-breaking ‘All-Life’ qualification and competence assessment programme that can take you from “Basic to Boffin”, all the way up to Level 7+. Whether you are a tradesperson, professional or even a more forensically inclined ‘Building Pathologist’, ISSE’s tiered ‘All-Life’ Certification, Diploma and Competence model is an industry first. Even as a DIYer or enthusiastic amateur (or helpful partner), entry-level awareness training can provide valuable insights to what you should expect from others you may choose to pay for their product and service provision. Anything less than a holistic approach is almost guaranteed to end in tears. Choosing to work with people who have a limited ‘silo’ perspective serves no-one’s best interests. Afterall, who knew that the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has advised that all painted material should be assumed to contain lead and that, when disturbed, women and children are most vulnerable to its many (invisible) toxic effects? This is essential knowledge that certainly seems to have escaped the majority, if not all building trades and related service providers, including asbestos-related contractors and even health and safety advisors. As they say, “You don’t know what you don’t know” – but we probably do and, if not, we’ll find a specialist who does! For more information visit www.isse.org.uk or contact admin@isse.org.uk or call 0800 861 1736 to learn more. Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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A Short History of Caterpillar Trucks

A Short History of Caterpillar Trucks

One of the company founders, Benjamin Holt, is credited with designing the first commercially successful track-type tractor, which is the predecessor to the current dozer. Not only did this innovation become one of the signature products, but it also inspired the establishment of the company’s current name: Caterpillar. Holt was a continual source of invention, constantly seeking to enhance his company’s goods, which at the time included combine harvesters and wheeled steam tractors. Holt’s core customer base comprised of agriculture in the San Joaquin River Valley, California. The region’s terrain made crop preparation difficult, as large steam tractors would become bogged down in the moist peat soil. Following this experiment, Holt had his mechanics take a Holt steam tractor and replace the back wheels with a set of rails he had developed. This tracked vehicle, numbered No.77, was tested for the first time on Thanksgiving Day in 1904. The Definition of the Name In March of 1905, No.77 was tested on a new and improved set of tracks. During the course of this operation, Benjamin and his nephew Pliny accompanied business photographer Charlie Clements out to the field to shoot the machine in action. Clements was originally surprised when they arrived since the machine was moving without wheels. Clements noted the track undulating between the drive sprocket and the front idler wheel and remarked that the machine crawled like a gigantic worm “Caterpillar.” Clements described the significant event on which he coined the term that would become commonly used to refer to earth-excavating heavy machinery: As we approached the Holt Ranch, a steam tractor became visible. They’re not running, as Benjamin Holt described it. I pointed out that the massive side wheels were missing, and Pliny Holt turned around, looked at me, and laughed silently. However, I continued to assert that they were broken. The tall wheat and barley fields masked the engine, so I believed it was on a barge on a canal when I peeked out the window and saw the outfit moving. As it circled back around between us and the barley field, I remained speechless for a time. I sprang to my feet and exclaimed, “If it don’t look like a monster caterpillar.” Benjamin’s cheeks reddened in response, and he asked, “What gives you that impression?” In fact, even a little child would not make a mistake. Observe the undulating motion as it slowly advances. Potential Alternative Titles Before choosing on Caterpillar, the company considered a variety of alternatives. It appears that Benjamin Holt disliked the moniker “Caterpillar.” In their early days, these vehicles were known by a variety of names, including “mud turtles.” Benjamin was eventually persuaded by Pliny and other members of the Holt family that “Caterpillar” was the best option. In 1909, the first Caterpillar-branded Holt tractor was manufactured. In 1910, with the assistance of the United States Patent Office, Holt trademarked the name “Caterpillar.” In 1925, following the merging of Holt and Best, the new tractor firm received the now-familiar name Caterpillar. Formerly known as the Caterpillar Tractor Company, Caterpillar Inc. now bears that name. Those who broke new ground and shook the world with the twentieth century’s most impressive engineering feat. There is little doubt that Caterpillar is a well-known brand in the United Kingdom. Caterpillar’s UK operation is the company’s largest outside of the United States, serving both domestic and international customers. Surprisingly, this has been going on for nearly a century. This article will look at Caterpillar’s expansion into the British market and highlight some of the company’s most notable accomplishments there to date. Holt’s Incredible Journey and the 1911 Sale The Holt Manufacturing Company was originally in charge of developing and marketing the “Caterpillar” tractor. Furthermore, this company was one of the first to merge to form the current Caterpillar Inc. On March 1, 1911, the first Holt Caterpillar tractor was sold to an English customer. Back then, the Stockton-built bike with 45/60 horsepower cost only $4,000. Ben C. Holt set sail for Europe in 1912 to expand the Caterpillar company there. He visited Romania, Spain, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and England while travelling throughout Europe. Holt was excited about increasing Caterpillar’s market share in Europe. Keeping these and other factors in mind, he advocated for the establishment of an export office in New York City, specifically in the Hudson Terminal building. Caterpillar Tractors, Ltd. was the first dealer in the United Kingdom, with a storefront on London’s Queen Street. The Caterpillar brand underwent a dramatic transformation in 1925. Caterpillar Tractor was the company’s original name. Caterpillar Tractors, Ltd. took over as the company’s official dealer as soon as it was formed, replacing the Holt dealer. Caterpillar established the Caterpillar Tractor Co. Ltd. as the company’s first subsidiary outside of the United States in 1950. Caterpillar’s first factory outside of the United States, built in 1951, was located in Coalville, Leicestershire. When problems arose in the field, on the farm, or on the battlefield, Caterpillar was there to provide critical solutions. Prior to the outbreak of World War I, Holt shipped over 1,200 Caterpillar-made tractors to Russia, France, and the United Kingdom. This equipment, along with Caterpillar components, was designed for use in earthmoving and farming. As the war progressed and more tractors were produced, the governments of these countries decided to send all 5,000 tractors to the front lines to transport heavy artillery and supplies. Perhaps you’ll be interested to learn that the British Army based their tank design on the Holt Caterpillar tractor. Colonel E. D. Swinton got the idea for the tank’s track-laying mobility mechanism after closely inspecting Holt’s Caterpillar tractors. Caterpillar Contributed Significantly to Disaster Recovery Efforts Natural disasters have been around for a long time and are thus nothing new. After such an accident, it is common practise to make significant efforts to restore and repair the damage. As a result, reconstruction efforts in flood-affected areas of England began using Cat® equipment in 1953. The flood caused significant damage to large sections of the

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Seven Most Used Metals for Commercial Applications

Seven Most Used Metals for Commercial Applications

Commercial metal usage continues to grow due to demand for a wide range of commercial applications. A metal supply company is needed for commercial construction, air conditioner systems, power lines, and much more. However, each project may require a different type of metal. Here are seven of the most used metals for commercial applications. 1. Iron Iron is the most abundant metal. About 5% of the Earth’s crust is comprised of iron. Close to 90% of all refined metal is iron. Iron is typically combined with other elements to create new alloys, such as steel. It is often used to make alloy steels by combining iron with nickel, tungsten, manganese, vanadium, chromium, and other alloys. Iron is also used for wrought iron products. Common examples include wrought iron chains, nails, rivets, nuts, bolts, railings, and ornamental ironworks. 2. Steel Metal supply companies offer a large variety of steel products. Steel is one of the most used metals due to its strength. It is also available in over 3,500 different grades to suit different applications. Common types of steel include stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloy steel. Steel is used in the production of most vehicles, medical equipment, ships, and household appliances. Stainless steel is made from iron, chromium, and other alloys. It is resistant to corrosion, making it a common choice for metal parts that are exposed to water and moisture.  3. Aluminium Aluminium is another of the most used metals due to its unique characteristics. Aluminium is lightweight but durable and resistant to corrosion. It is a combination of other materials, including bauxite ore, silica, and iron oxide. Aluminium also offers great electrical conductivity, which makes it a common choice for power lines. It also conducts heat well and is often used in heatsinks and electrical components. It is also used to make cans, kitchen utensils, and window frames. 4. Zinc Zinc is a popular metal due to its low melting point. It melts quickly, which also makes it easy to recycle. It is a strong material that is most commonly used as a coating to protect other metals. For example, zinc may be used as a coating to shield steel from rust. Zinc has a thin, protective layer called the patina. The patina protects the surface of the metal from the air, which decreases the risk of corrosion. 5. Bronze Bronze was the first human-made alloy. It comes from a combination of copper and tin. As with many other popular types of metal, bronze is resistant to corrosion. It is also less likely to bend or crack and offers great electrical conductivity. Bronze is a common material for cabinet hardware and furniture trim. As it has less iron compared to many other popular metals, bronze does not rust. However, it can develop a patina due to its copper content. You may eventually notice a greenish appearance if bronze is frequently exposed to water. 6. Copper Copper is a relatively inexpensive metal compared to other options, which helps make it popular for a wide range of applications. It is an easy metal to work and is found in a variety of items, including pipes for plumbing, currency, and wiring. Copper has excellent electrical conductivity properties. It is a common choice for circuit boards, electrical wires, and electronic components. 7. Gold Gold is another good electrical conductor and is resistant to corrosion. However, the use of gold for the exchange of currencies makes it less cost-effective for most commercial applications. It is more commonly used to cover the surfaces of components in high-end products. For example, the connectors on stereo equipment may include gold plating on the ends for increased electrical conductivity. Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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Apartment Purchase in Palm Jumeirah Dubai, The UAE

Apartment Purchase in Palm Jumeirah Dubai, The UAE

Real estate in Dubai couldn’t get any trickier than lately. The publications and various advice you can gather online can cause a panic attack. However, if you Buy properties in Palm Jumeirah, UAE, it is one major hurdle crossed because the area is high grossing and guarantees profitability.  Some tips make it easier to conclude real estate decisions in Palm Jumeirah, Dubai, but the most prominent of them, no matter how simple, can save you months of heartache and wasted investments. According to AX Capital, people who get information from verified sources cut their risks by 50%, and engaging a verified estate company will prevent lousy decision-making. The first question to ask, therefore, is, where are you getting your information from?  Highlights of the Palm Jumeirah Palm Jumeirah ticks for many reasons. In 2022, at least four million tourists visited the area for its beauty and luxury. Voters worldwide say the top view of the Palm is a lifetime experience, so much so that it won the Trip Advisor’s choice award in 2022. The Palm Jumeirah is a great location to experience artificial nature at its peak. Be it a skydive, a five-star restaurant experience, or a boat cruise, Palm Jumeirah never disappoints.  How Much Are Apartments in Palm Jumeirah? The glittering Palm Jumeirah is definitely gold and will cost you some to buy a property there. Cost of buying property in Palm Jumeirah Property Type Price range Single Bedroom Apartment 2 million – 5 million AED Two Bedroom Apartment 3 million – 7 million AED Three Bedroom Apartment 5 million – 12 million AED Penthouses 10 million – 25 million AED AX Capital is a great place to browse for verified, trusted properties for sale.  The cost of villas is in a higher range from as high as 30 million AED to 80 million AED. The prices of properties listed above vary depending on the quality of the apartments and a host of other factors determining the price. A large or a Small House? Considering the cost of living for ex-pats in the country, experts advise purchasing a house that you can conveniently maintain within your budget. Moving into your Apartment The first thing to ensure is your finance in place. Weigh your options as to finance and work within a budget. Gladly, you can allow experts to guide your decisions and prepare you for the transition. As a family, there are some lovely schools for children, and although residents say they need more private schools for their children, there is a fine combination of options. Are you prepared to move into your Apartment? Ready your mind for an endless exhilarating cruise. With your money in your pocket and a couple of gate fees, Palm Jumeirah has the best experiences to offer. Your options include sightseeing, window shopping, fancy restaurant dinners, club nights, beach time, and even quality children’s parks.  Building, Design & Construction Magazine | The Choice of Industry Professionals

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